Perhaps the main idea that historians took over from Innis was the belief that Canada developed not in spite of geography but because of it, that there was a naturalness and solidity to the very structure of the country that lay far deeper than political arrangements. Thus, North further emphasizes the significance of linkages and related spread effects as critical dimension of staple theory and staple growth. Douglass North pays particular heed to demand linkages with respect to what he refers to as residentiary industries in the secondary or tertiary sectors of the economy, which develop to meet the needs of the local staple-producing population. Such staple-related industries can generate cost savings or economies to other unrelated industries in the region, thereby fostering the growth of these industries and attracting new industries to the region. The National Policy and the Wheat Economy. Another critical attribute of Innis’s staple theory is that a region endowed with staples does not depend for its economic development upon the demand side alone—that is, upon the existence of ever-growing markets for its staple products. This can be related to the underdevelopment of requisite economic, social, and political infrastructure.
Staple exports can be important to the growth process through their direct and indirect linkage effects on the economy, even if staple exports themselves constitute a small percentage of GDP. This can be related to the underdevelopment of requisite economic, social, and political infrastructure. Economic Growth in the Third World: Furthermore, different staples fur, fish, timber, grain, oil, etc have differing impacts on rates of settlement, federal-provincial conflicts, etc. More recently s Irving Kravis — argued that domestic supply-side variables were of overriding importance in the determination of export-led growth in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Don Mills, Ontario [u. Such staple-related industries can generate cost savings or economies to other unrelated industries in the region, thereby fostering the growth of these industries and attracting new industries to the ghesis. The construction of the road was the result of the direction of energy to staplfs conquest of geographic barriers. These non-staple industries can, in time, become export oriented given their low production costs, which are partially attributed to the development of the staple-related residentiary industries.
This supply-side issue resides in the hands of the staple producers, and Innis pays particular attention to transportation costs as an important cost variable which staple producers can significantly affect to make their staples cost competitive, thus spurring stales region’s capacity to develop through staple exports.
An Introduction to Canadian Economic History. The history of Canada has been profoundly influenced by the habits of an animal which very fittingly occupies a prominent place on her coat of arms. Thus, economic performance can be affected by forms of labor organization adopted in the staple economy: But by the time the junior assistant professor returned to U of T, he was able to throw away his cane.
The political economy of Canada: They assumed jarold nonexistent each and every causal connection that staple theorists either implicitly or explicitly assumed to be important. Yale University Press, Unnis, given the demand for its staple products, xtaples ability of a region to engage in staple exports depends upon its capacity to reduce the unit costs of its staples.
Innis argued that Canada developed as it did because of the nature of its staple commodities: However, the evidence suggests that linkages assumed to be nonexistent by Chambers and Gordon were, indeed, of considerable importance in Canada and in other successful staple economies.
Innis’s staple theory narrative, fleshed out in the s and s, is deeply imbedded in a detailed discourse of Canadian economic history, wherein Canadian economic evolution and development is explained through highly detailed historical analyses of the development of key commodities such as cod, furs, timber, and the transportation infrastructure which allowed for and facilitated the export of such products.
The staple theory of economic growth is most closely linked with the name of Harold Innis —a University of Toronto economist who argued that current theories failed to explain the economic evolution of countries such as Canada, which has a relative abundance of land and other natural resources.
Staples thesis – Wikipedia
Much confusion surrounding the staple theory relates directly to the view that it is a demand-side theory wherein staple-rich regions can do little to affect their economic destinies and are largely subject to the ebbs and flows of variables over which they have little control.
One event planned for November will feature communication theorists who, as Innis did, have a vision to share. When staple exports depend on both the demand and supply sides, staple theory suggests that the path of economic evolution taken by a region is very much contingent upon the supply-side initiatives taken by individuals in staple-rich regions. In Approaches to Canadian Economic History, ed.
Canada, and also those in HIST Garold province’s economic structure exemplifies the “core-periphery” structure of intra-regional relationships. McClelland and Stewart, Canada emerged as a political entity with boundaries largely determined by the fur trade. Another page that explains staples theory can be found in Canada’s Digital Collections. He also was an inveterate traveler who traveled to all parts of Canada sometimes by canoe and to major universities abroad to glean insights from field and academy.
Another critical attribute of Innis’s staple theory is that a region endowed with staples does not depend for its economic development upon the demand side alone—that is, upon the existence of ever-growing markets for its staple products.
InnisHarold A. Easterbrook and Mel H.
Staple economies are in no way largely dependent upon the wiles of the market for their economic development. Staple Thesis Staple Thesis, a theory asserting that the export of natural resources, or staples, from Canada to more advanced economies has a pervasive impact on the economy as well as on the social and political systems.
Mel Watkins revived the theory during the s and s through his work on resource capitalism and Canadian political economy.
These nodal centers can themselves become export centers not simply or even largely of staples, but of nonstaple ihnis, wherein the latter’s base is the staple sector. They argued that the evidence suggests that it would have made little difference to Canada’s economic performance had it been completely unable to produce wheat.